Formal Polite Form of Korean Verbs and Adjectives
To study this grammar point, please make sure you understand the following:
Formal polite speech level is also called Hapsyoche(합쇼체). It is usually used by TV broadcasters, or in a business situation talking to customers. It is also used between strangers, but informal polite speech level is now more commonly used.
When you look up a verb or adjective in a dictionary, it is always written with a 다 ending. In order to conjugate a Korean verb or adjective to formal polite form, identify its original stem and do a 고-type contraction.
- When the stem ends with a consonant (C), attach 습니다 to it.
- When the stem ends with a vowel (V), attach ㅂ니다 to it.
Exception: Use alternate stems to conjugate ㄹ-irregular verbs and adjectives.*
|Verbs/Adjectives||Dictionary Form||Meaning||Original Stem||Alternate Stem||Ends With||Formal Polite Form|
|ㅎ-Irregular||그렇다||to be so||그렇||C||그렇습니다|
Compare the sentences of using the formal polite form and informal polite form of saying the same meanings:
Related Grammar Points
- Informal Polite Form of Korean Verbs and Adjectives
- Similarities and Differences Between Korean Verbs and Adjectives
- Word Stems of Korean Verbs and Adjectives
- Past Tense of Korean Verbs and Adjectives
- Common Korean Verbs
- Types of Korean Verb and Adjective Conjugation
- Verb To Be 이다 in Korean
- Spacing in Written Korean