Particle 와/과 and 하고 for Connecting Nouns

To study this grammar point, please make sure you understand the following:

Introduction to Korean Particles

Particle 하고 means and to connect two or more nouns. Notice that only nouns (but not phrases) can be connected by 하고.


하고 is more commonly used in the spoken language, and / are more commonly used in written form.

영어와 일본어
English and Japanese
꽃과 나비
flowers and butterflies

  • Use for words ending with vowel
  • Use for words ending with consonant

Attention: the choice of 와/과 is an exception to Consonant-Vowel Sequence in Spoken Korean.

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