Word Order of Korean Sentences

2010/06/01 Lapinski Korean

Korean, like Japanese, always has verb at the end of a sentence.

For a simple English sentence, you would say

Tom eats apple.
subject + verb + object

But in Korean, the word order for this sentence could be:

톰은 사과를 먹어요.
Tom eats apple.
Tom(+topic particle) apple(+object particle) eats.

You can see that particles are used to identify whether Tom or Apple is the subject of the sentence.

Because Korean adjectives are verb-like and do not require verb to be in a sentence construction, in English you would say:

Tom is busy.
subject + verb-to-be + adjective

In Korean, it is:

톰은 바빠요.
Tom is busy.
Tom(+topic particle) busy.

A complete Korean sentence may simply be a single verb. It could have different meanings under difference circumstances, as the subject is not specified.

가요.
Go.
It could mean I am going, He is going, They are going etc.

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